June Birthstones | Alexandrite & Pearl

 

June is quite the eclectic month. June is the month with the longest daylight hours of the year in the northern hemisphere and the shortest daylight hours of the year in the southern hemisphere. It’s the birth month of Marilyn Monroe, a mesmerizingly beautiful but extremely troubled soul. June is the birth month of Vince Lombardi, a great leader and motivator in American history. He is a beacon of strength and prosperity through human connection, not handsomeness.

June starts on a different day of the week than any other month in both common and leap years. The sun rises in the constellation of Taurus at the beginning of the month and rises in the constellation of Gemini at the end of the month.

Ok, I think you get the point. Following along beautifully with the polarity of June are its birthstones, Alexandrite and Pearl.

What is Alexandrite?

Alexandrite is a chrysoberyl; another gemstone in this class is cat’s eye. But, unlike other chrysoberyl gemstones, it not only contains iron and titanium, but also chromium as a major impurity. The most sensational feature of Alexandrite is its remarkable ability to change colors. And this is due to the chromium.  In daylight, Alexandrite displays a green or bluish-green hue. In incandescent light, Alexandrite turns a soft shade of red or purplish-red. This anomaly is what makes it one of the most valuable gemstones.

The specific geological conditions needed to create Alexandrite are very unique in nature which makes Alexandrite an extremely rare gemstone. The chemical elements beryllium and chromium have contrasting characteristics and naturally do not occur together. In addition, the lack of silica, the second most common element in the Earth’s crust, is also required to prevent the growth of emerald. Alexandrite defies the natural rule of the Earth.

Cultural Significance of Alexandrite

It was first discovered in Russia in 1834. Supposedly, it was discovered on the same day that the future Russian tsar, Alexander II, turned sixteen years old. Thus, it was called Alexandrite. Since it shows both red and green colors, it inevitably became the national stone of Russia. Since its discovery, Alexandrite has been mined in Brazil and Sri Lanka. But the most valuable Alexandrite comes from Russia.

What is Pearl?

A pearl is a hard object that is produced in the tissue of a living shelled mollusk. They are made of the same material as the shell of a mollusk. However, the outer shell of the mollusk is usually rough, dull, and unattractive, whereas, the pearl on the inside of the shell is extremely beautiful, colorful or iridescent, and very smooth to the touch.

Almost any shelled mollusk can produce some kind of pearl when an irritation gets trapped inside its mantle fold, but most of these do no produce gemstone quality pearls. Nacreous pearls are the best known and most commercially significant. They are primarily produced by two groups of mollusk bivalves or clams.

Pearls come in many different colors. The most commonly known color is white. But pearls also come in shades of black, cream, gray, blue, yellow, lavender, green, and mauve. Tanari Jewelry uses mother of pearl in both black and cream colors. Check out the Black Diamond & Mother Of Pearl Moon Necklace and the Diamond & Mother Of Pearl Darkside Of The Moon Necklace. The most valuable pearls happen naturally and spontaneously inside the tissues of bivalves. Cultures pearls also exist, but they are farmed pearls and hold less value.

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June Birthstones | Alexandrite & Pearl